In the Xinjiang region, now China, wall paintings that date back 5000 years show the use of skis. It is said that modern skiing evolved from Scandinavian beginnings, it is, however, still debated because of other findings that might be Read more…
- A History of Skiing
In the Xinjiang region, now China, wall paintings that date back 5000 years show the use of skis. It is said that modern skiing evolved from Scandinavian beginnings, it is, however, still debated because of other findings that might be older. Why Ski? Originally skiing was only used in utilitarian ways. It was a way to travel over snow doing daily business and tasks. Norse mythology described a god and goddess hunting on skis. A few millennia later, there are reports of king Sverre of Norway that sent troops on a ski patrol. Skis were used to make traveling over snow possible. Like everything else in the world, skis and skiing also evolved through the years and with technology. At first, skis were used only to make daily travel safer and faster and chores easier. Skis Then and Skis Now People that lived in climates where snow fell for many months during the year, developed some form of skis and skiing. In Russia, Sweden, China, Norway, Lapland, Scandinavia, and many other countries, also not situated in Europe and Asia, many fragments of skis were found. Some of these fragments can be traced back to prehistoric times. Some of these first skis seemed to have been broad and short, resembling snowshoes, rather than modern skis. Skiing has been employed by the military from very early on. Ski troops were deployed in warfare and they also competed in military ski competitions. Modern Skis Skis had to be of thicker wood to not bend or bow when gliding, and not sink under the skier’s weight. Skis evolved from this to the use of many other products like fiberglass, carbon fibers, and epoxy. Different materials are used in different brands of skis. Wood, like Ash, Poplar, Beech, and Okume is most common for use in the core of skis. Aluminum and foam can also be used for core materials and is cheaper. The outer part of the skis is manufactured from a wide array of different materials. Fiberglass and other types of fibers are used for the outside. The bottom part or base of the ski is now mostly made out of polyethylene.
- Freestyle Skiing Events
Freestyle Skiing dates back to the 1930s when skiers started to become more experimental with their movement on skis. Stunt skiing began to take off and this escalated to acrobatic exhibitions. These exhibitions were not events that were part of competitions or the Winter Olympic Games, yet. In 1996, the Ski Masters was the first actual competition that included acrobatic performances. The biggest part of the competition required skiers to perform predetermined maneuvers, and the rest of the event was dedicated to acrobatic skiing or Freestyle Skiing. Freestyle Skiing Becoming Part of Competitions This acrobatic form of skiing continued to become more popular through the years. Skiers attempted more and flashier ways to go down moguls. They incorporated jumps, air time, and stylish maneuvers, like turns and dance movements, into their downhill runs. This showmanship gained the term “Hot Dog Skiing”. The first competition for Hot Dogging took place in 1971. Skiers took turns to run down a large mogul hill performing the most entertaining stunts they could muster. The scoring was done through watching the crowd’s reaction and the loudest cheers. The loudest cheers were oftentimes given to skiers that recovered from a spectacular crash. Somersaults, somersaulting tricks, and jumps becoming higher and larger, were becoming a prominent feature. Aerial Acrobatics started to attract skiers from all over, and in 1972 competitions started to attract the attention of still more skiers. In 1979, when the FIS recognized Freestyle Skiing as an official sport, the rules became stricter. Required movements became more controlled and precise. Freestyle Skiing Events Six Freestyle Skiing Events are currently included in the Winter Olympic Games. These six events are Aerial Skiing, Ski Cross Skiing, Moguls, Halfpipe Skiing, Big Air Skiing, and Slopestyle Skiing. Aerials Skiing off a ramp that propels skiers into the air, participants perform multiple twists and somersaults before landing on a sloped landing hill. Skiers are awarded points for form, time in the air, and landing. Ski Cross This is a relatively new addition to skiing competitions and is based on maneuvers performed by motor bikers in the Moto Cross discipline. Skiers race down together on a snow course to determine the winner. Moguls A 200m long slope, covered evenly with rounded snow mounds, called moguls, are set for skiers to race along. The best navigation of these moguls will ensure a win. Halfpipe Skiing A halfpipe structure made out of snow is used to perform tricks for points. Big Air Skiing Competitors launch themselves off a very large jump and perform tricks in the air before landing. This is the extreme version of Slopestyle Skiing. Slopestyle Skiing The participant aims to get the highest amplitude in a jump and then perform different types of the most difficult tricks before landing. Instead of doing one trick repeatedly, the higher they jump, the more tricks can be performed. These events might change every year with the evolvement of the sport. Events may change, or incorporate new moves. From the time that Freestyle skiing first made its appearance at the Winter Olympics in 1988, only as a demonstration sport, until now, lots of changes occurred. In 1992, Freestyle Skiing became an official sport, and each following year, changes to which events are in and which events are dropped in competitions still happen.
- Best Skiing Destinations
Lots of people take skiing vacations. When it is Summer where you live, take a skiing vacation, and when it is Winter, you vacation at the beach. For many people, snow is every winter thing, but many countries do not see snow, ever. Then you have to plan a vacation to a ski resort to get the full experience. Planning your ski vacation will take a bit of research to make sure that everything you want to experience is available at the chosen destination. Top Ski Resort Destinations Whistler is a tiny town north of Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. This fairy tale town is home to one of the world’s largest ski resorts. A few investors saw the potential of turning it into a ski resort for the Olympics in 1967. From December till April this little town is famous for skiing. Aspen is a ski resort situated in Colorado in the Rocky Mountains. Summer and Winter have different unique offerings for everyone. Aspen is a holiday destination all year round. Winter will be for the snow with four mountains in the Aspen vicinity that offers skiing, sleigh rides, sledding, and snowshoeing. Zermatt in Switzerland is a village that lies between tulip farms, iced mountain ridges, almost a fantasy land. This popular ski resort is frequented by thousands of people every year. They do not visit just for the snow and sport, but also for the beauty and experience. Skiers, mountaineers, and hikers will all find their adrenaline rush at Zermatt. These are only a few of the many ski resorts all over the world. There are many more resorts situated in Europe, Northern America, New Zealand, Japan, etc. You just need to decide on your perfect destination.
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